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Abstract

The demand for changes in police responses to crises are loud and compelling. One such recommended change is from a Warrior mindset to a Guardian mindset. The emphasis in the Guardian philosophy is on law enforcement officers (LEOs) as protectors instead of fighters. This mindset emphasizes deescalation instead of the use of force whenever possible. Several deescalation courses existed but more have been created recently. This recent increase has been due, in part, to profiteers wanting to benefit from the change in philosophy and training. A brief history starting with the legend in deescalation, Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Training, is presented along with some additional training courses. A quick outline of different responder models is also included. Finally, a multi-modal variation on deescalation training is proposed. Recommendations for research and future directions are discussed. This is not an exhaustive review of CIT, responder models, or deescalation training. This article provides a synopsis of models and research with a brief presentation of a new Multi-Modal Crisis Deescalation Training Program.

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